Honda 2.3hp outboard safety checks

Although these pre operational safety checks are for a 4 stroke honda outboard they are relevant to most other small outboards.

l.  Engine oil is a major factor affecting engine performance and service life. Nondetergent and low quality oils are not recommended, because they have inadequate lubricating properties. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious engine damage. Use Honda 4-stroke oil or an equivalent high detergent, premium quality motor oil certified to meet or exceed U.S. and European automobile manufacturers’ requirements for Service Classification SF CC/CD or SG. Motor oils classified SF CC/CD or SG will show this designation on the container. -20 0 20 40 60 80 100°F , , Select the appropriate viscosity for -30 -20 -10 o IO 20 30 40″~ the average temperature in your area. SF CC/CD or SG low-30 is recommended for general, all temperature use.

a) Position the outboard motor vertically, and check the oil level in the oil level inspection window. b)  If the oil level is down toward the lower level mark on the window, fill up to the 0.4 e (0.42 U.S. qt.) mark on the dipstick.

2. Fuel Level Remove the filler cap and check the fuel level. Refill the tank if the fuel level is low. NOTE: Open the vent knob before removing the fuel filler cap. When the vent knob is firmly closed, the cap will be difficult to remove. Your engine R‘s +esigned to use any petrol that has a pump octane number (- ) of 86 or higher, or that has a research octane number of 91 or higher.

Petrol pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine and spark plug deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components. Never use stale or contaminated petrol or an oil/petrol mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust or water in the fuel tank. Use of a lower octane petrol can cause persistent “pinging” or heavy “spark knock” (a metallic rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage.

Note: If “spark knock” or “pinging” occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of petrol. If spark knock or pinging persists, consult your authorized Honda dealer. Failure to do so is considered misuse, and damage caused by misuse is not covered by Honda’s Limited Warranty. Occasionally you may experience light spark knock while operating under heavy loads. This is no cause for concern, it simply means your engine is operating efficiently.

Fuel tank capacity: 1.0 P (0.26 U.S. gal.)

FUEL FILLER CAP FUEL TANK.  After refueling, be sure to tighten the fuel tank cap firmly.  Petrol is extremely flammable and is explosive under certain conditions.

Refuel in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped. Do not smoke or allow flames or sparks in the area where the engine is refueled or where petrol is stored.  Do not overfill the tank (there should be no fuel in the filler neck). After refueling, make sure the tank cap is closed properly and securely.  Be careful not to spill fuel when refueling. Spilled fuel or fuel vapour may ignite. If any fuel is spilled, make sure the area is dry before starting the engine.

Avoid repeated or prolonged contact with skin or breathing of vapour. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

3. Other Checks Check the following items. @ Propeller, shear pin and cotter pin. Check for looseness or damage.

@ Steering handle. Check for impaired operation.

@ Stern bracket. Check for damage.

@Tool kit. Check for missing spare parts and tools.

@ Anode metal. Check for looseness, damage or excessive corrosion. The anode metal helps to protect the outboard motor from corrosion damage; it must be exposed directly to the water whenever the motor is in use. Replace the anode metal when it has been reduced to approximately one half of its original size. Note:’ The possibility of corrosion damage increased if the anode metal is painted over or allowed to deteriorate.

Note: To prevent damage to the outboard from overheating, never run the engine with the propeller out of the water.

1. Open the fuel cap vent knob 2 to 3 turns. FUEL CAP VENT KNOB FUEL FILLER CAP

2. Turn the fuel valve lever ON. FUEL VALVE LEVER

3. Move the throttle lever to the START position.

THROTTLE LEVER Note: Do not start the engine with the throttle lever in the FAST position, or the boat will move suddenly when the engine starts.

4. In temperatures below 2O’C (68” F) use the choke knob. CHOKE KNOB

5. Pull. the starter rope slowly until resistance is felt, then pull briskly.

Note: Do not allow the starter grip to snap back against the housing; return it gently by hand to prevent damage to the starter.


6. After starting, be sure water is flowing out of the water check hole. CAUTION: If water does not flow out, or if steam comes out, stop the engine. Check to see if the screen in the cooling water inlet is obstructed. Do not operate the engine until the problem has been corrected.

7. If the choke was used, push it in gradually as the engine warms up.

CHOKE KNOB  Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas; exposure can cause loss of consciousness and may lead to death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Be sure to provide adequate ventilation. Be careful not to spill any fuel when refueling. Spilled fuel or fuel vapor may ignite. If any fuel is spilled make sure the area is dry before starting the engine.

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Get ready for the water!

There are some important checks you need to do before you are ready for the water. Especially, regarding your outboard engine.


  • Clean or replace spark plugs. Replace them if over 2 years old.
  • Check and clean all electrical contacts. Use WD40 or similar.
  • Check condition of recoil start cord for wear. This becomes worn during each season.
  • Replace the fuel filters and check the entire fuel system for leaks etc. Do not skip this step!
  • Change engine oil and filters (4 strokes). Also essential that you do this each season.
  • Empty fuel/oil tank and replace with new mixture(2 strokes). Old fuel will cause you major problems.
  • Check gearbox oil and top up if needed. Water can by pass rubber seals and contaminate your oil.
  • Replace cooling system anodes. These prevent corrosion within your water units.
  • Replace water pump impellor. This wears out fairly quickly and needs to be replaced.
  • Check steering system and lubricate moving parts. Will make daily use a lot easier for you.
  • Lubricate gear shift and  throttle control linkages. Use the correct lubricant.
  • Check operation of tilt mechanism (power tilt if fitted). Sometimes overlooked by boat owners.

If you can work your way through this list and complete each stage, you will have a trouble free season with your engine.

Remember to carry some spares and lubricant with you each trip as back up.


New Year, New Engine!

Why not treat yourself to a new engine in 2013? If you have been nursing an old outboard or inboard engine for a few years maybe it is time to cut out all the worry and hard work and buy a new one. Now I say a new engine but that does not necessarily  mean a brand new shiny engine from a dealer. It could also mean a replacement engine – perhaps a few years younger. One with less hours on the clock!

Your new engine might be the same make as your existing lump which could be a good thing. It will fit in to place if it is an inboard engine quite easily with the engine bearers etc not needing altered. Also if you have a load of spares for your existing motor then they could probably be used with your new one. In other words, everything would fit more easily if you simply updated to a younger propulsion unit.

Changing an outboard motor for a new or newer unit is a lot easier. Most accessories such as teleflex controls or fuel leads should fit the new engine. It also gives you the opportunity to either increase the power of the engine or get a smaller more economic power unit. All this needs some consideration.

Looking at this from another angle, you might want to buy another outboard engine as a back up unit for your main propulsion. More and more boat owners are strapping on a smaller outboard to the transom to use when the main engine stops working. This is a good safety feature and one that you should consider.

Installing a secondary inboard engine is quite an undertaking, both in time and expense. The main benefits are safety and manoevreability. Therefore, if it is possible to just add an outboard bracket to the stern and strap on a small outboard motor, this would be easier and a whole lot cheaper!

So, I hope I have given you something to think about at the beginning of this New Year. Will you buy a new engine?


Planning for the new season.

Now is the time to plan for the new season. All those small jobs you wanted to complete last year could be done in the next few months. Begin by writing down everything you want to do. Start at the bow of your boat and work towards the stern. For most of us the engine will require either the most money thrown at it or the most time or even both!

Whether you have an inboard or outboard engine it will need a good thorough service before using it this coming season. With the recent increase in VAT everything is going to cost more. So looking for value for money products and services is now more vital than ever before. Spend some time doing your research before deciding to purchase a product or service.

On ebay there are various products and services that offer value for money. You can access them using this link to outboard motors.


Second hand Outboard engine.

Now is a great time to buy a second hand outboard engine! January is a time when people either have spare money or are desperate to sell something to get money. They need money to pay credit card bills. So they look around the house and garage to find something to sell. An outboard engine that has been sitting around gathering dust for the last three months and will still be sitting around for another three months is a prime object for the chop! The thinking behind selling the outboard motor is easy money now and another one can be bought nearer the time.

You can benefit from this fact. Many people will list there outboard engine for sale and accept anything you offer. Just for ready money. Competition is low as not too many others have spare money right now. So you can pick up a bargain. Why not follow this link to see the various outboard engines listed for sale in our store?